Discrimination and hate crime

Sadly, communities and people that appear different often experience discrimination and prejudice. Trans* people can face rejection from their friends and family, transphobic insults, harrassment, bullying and discrimination in the work place, as well as being stared or laughed at when out in public – especially during transition. Some trans* people also experience hate crimes.

What is a Hate Crime?

Any criminal offence which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice towards someone based on a personal characteristic is regarded as a hate crime. This can be in the form of verbal abuse, physical assault, domestic abuse, harrassment or damage to property. Transgender identity is one of the protected personal characteristics. If someone is attacked as a result of their transgender identity, this can be dealt with as either a hate crime or non-crime hate incident.

Hate Incidents

Hate incidents can feel like crimes to those who suffer them and often escalate to crimes or tension in a community. For this reason police are concerned about those incidents – they can only prosecute when the law is broken, but can work with partners to try and prevent any escalation in seriousness.

Reporting Hate Crimes

By reporting hate crimes and incidents when they happen, you may help prevent the same situation happening to someone else. You can report if you are a victim, a witness or if you are reporting on behalf of someone affected.

This can now be done via your smartphone or tablet (for Dorset) using Hate Crime 2 app.


For more information visit the Dorset Police Hate Crime Page

Legal rights in the UK


Transgender people are legally protected from discrimination in the work place, health care and their daily lives. Legislation includes:

The Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act brings together over 116 separate pieces of legislation into one single Act that provides a legal framework to protect the rights of individuals and advance equality of opportunity for all.

The Gender Recognition Act 2004

The Gender Recognition Act provides transgender people with legal recognition of their acquired gender with the acquisition of a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC). It is not necessary that the person has undergone Gender Reassignment treatment as a person’s gender identity is the defining factor.

The Human Rights Act 1998

The Human Rights Act sets out the fundamental rights and freedoms that individuals in the UK have access to: ‘respect for your private and family life, home and correspondence’, ‘protection from discrimination in respect of these rights and freedoms’ and ‘freedom of expression’ are just a few examples from the Act.

The Criminal Justice Act 2003

This Act states that it is a criminal offence for anyone to be subjected to a hate crime on the grounds of their gender identity.